Prohibited the sale of adulterated food and drugs in interstate commerce.
Revised to account for changes in medical science and food technology. Described criteria for adulteration, mislabeled or harmful food. Included a requirement for truthful labeling of additives. The FDA had to show if a food product was "unsafe".
First specific regulation of food additives. Approval of new food additives was required before they could be marketed, and the responsibility for proving their safety was placed on the petitioner (manufacturer who wants to market the additive). Defined safe as a "...reasonable certainty" that no harm will result from use of the additive.
The Delaney Clause stated "no additive shall be deemed safe if it is found to induce cancer when ingested by man or animal."
Exempted two groups of additives: (1) substances which experts have classified "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS). Also exempted from testing were "prior sanctioned substances" which FDA or USDA had approved for use in food prior to passage of the 1958 Food Additives Amendment. Additives can be removed from the lists if tests indicate the substances are not safe for human consumption. All substances previously listed as GRAS are being reviewed to assured that they meet current food safety standards.
All colors -- natural and synthetic -- were brought under the FD and C Act. Color additives may not be used to deceive consumers or to conceal blemishes or inferiorities in food.
Back to Food Additive Safety Page
Prepared Summer 1997 by Bernadene Magnuson, Ph.D.
University of Idaho, Dept. of Food Science and Toxicology - EXTOXNET FAQ Team.