The information in this profile may be out-of-date. It was last revised in 1996. EXTOXNET no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Please visit the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) to find updated pesticide fact sheets. If you don't find a fact sheet related to your question, feel free to call 1-800-858-7378. NPIC is open five days a week from 8:00am to 12:00pm Pacific Time.


Extension Toxicology Network

Pesticide Information Profiles

A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University, Oregon State University, the University of Idaho, and the University of California at Davis and the Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State University. Major support and funding was provided by the USDA/Extension Service/National Agricultural Pesticide Impact Assessment Program.

EXTOXNET primary files maintained and archived at Oregon State University

Revised June 1996


Trade and Other Names: Trade or other names for lindane include Agrocide, Ambrocide, Aparasin, Aphitiria, Benesan, Benexane, benhexachlor, benzene hexachloride, BHC, BoreKil, Borer-Tox, Exagama, Gallogama, Gamaphex, gamma-BHC, Gamma-Col, gamma-HCH, Gammex, Gammexane, Gamasan, Gexane, hexachlorocyclohexane, HCH, Isotox, Jacutin, Kwell, Lindafor, Lindagronox, Lindaterra, Lindatox, Lintox, Lorexane, New Kotol, Noviagam, Quellada, Steward, Streunex, and Tri-6.

NOTE: Lindane (or hexachlorocyclohexane, HCH) has historically and widely been inappropriately referred to as "benzene hexachloride" or "BHC". This compound should not be confused with hexachlorobenzene, or HCB.

Regulatory Status: Lindane is a moderately toxic compound in EPA toxicity class II. Labels for products containing it must bear the Signal Word WARNING. Some formulations of lindane are classified as Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP), and as such may only be purchased and used by certified pesticide applicators. Lindane is no longer manufactured in the U.S., and most agricultural and dairy uses have been cancelled by the EPA because of concerns about the compound's potential to cause cancer.

Chemical Class: organochlorine

Introduction: Lindane is an organochlorine insecticide and fumigant which has been used on a wide range of soil-dwelling and plant-eating (phytophagous) insects. It is commonly used on a wide variety of crops, in warehouses, in public health to control insect-borne diseases, and (with fungicides) as a seed treatment. Lindane is also presently used in lotions, creams, and shampoos for the control of lice and mites (scabies) in humans.

Technical lindane is comprised of the gamma-isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane, HCH. Five other isomers (molecules with a unique structural arrangement, but identical chemical formulas) of HCH are commonly found in technical lindane, but the gamma-isomer is the predominant one, comprising at least 99% of the mixture of isomers. Data presented in this profile are for the technical product unless otherwise stated; lindane, HCH, or BHC refer to technical lindane, i.e., Gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane. Gamma-HCH has been shown to be the insecticidally effective isomer.

Lindane may also be found in formulations with a host of fungicides and insecticides. It is available as a suspension, emulsifiable concentrate, fumigant, seed treatment, wettable and dustable powder, and ultra low volume (ULV) liquid.

Formulation: Lindane may also be found in formulations with a host of fungicides and insecticides. It is available as a suspension, emulsifiable concentrate, fumigant, seed treatment, wettable and dustable powder, and ultra-low volume (ULV) liquid.

Toxicological Effects:

Ecological Effects:

Environmental Fate:

Physical Properties:

Exposure Guidelines:

Basic Manufacturer:

Drexel Chemical Company
1700 Channel Avenue
Memphis, TN 38113


References for the information in this PIP can be found in Reference List Number 6

DISCLAIMER: The information in this profile does not in any way replace or supersede the information on the pesticide product labeling or other regulatory requirements. Please refer to the pesticide product labeling.